• SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE WATERBERG

    landscapes This document emerges out of a scenario planning process that envisaged four possible scenarios for the development of the Waterberg coalfields These scenarios identified the key drivers of development and looked at the causal factors of the shift from one scenario to another

  • The grootegeluk formation in the Waterberg Coalfield

    The Waterberg Coalfield is considered to be an embayment of the Kalahari Basin rather than part of the Main Karoo Basin The stratigraphic column of the Karoo Sequence, which includes the Dwyka Formation, Ecca Group, Beaufort Group and Drak ensberg Formation, in the Waterberg Basin, is also presented (compiled from Beukes, 1985 and Siepker, 1986)

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  • Challenges associated with further development of the

    of interest in the Waterberg contains sufficient coal to supply a Secundasized petrochemical complex using the SasolLurgi Fixed Bed gasification process for 25 years This would require a mining operation of 47 Mtpa, similar to that at Secunda and Sasolburg Their research has shown that direct liquefaction, pyrolysis, and high temperature SasolLurgi

  • SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE WATERBERG

    In the Waterberg and Limpopo many claims are still to be processed by the Land Claims Commission, and a number of claims have been degazetted to the dismay of communities who remain dissatisfied with the status quoxii , xiii xiv While the existing registered land is significantly east of the coalfield, further exploitation of the coalfield could

  • Desulphurization of Medium Sulphur Waterberg Steam

    processes Waterberg coal is unique in various aspects relative to other high sulphur coal dominating the literature Therefore, limited information is available on the use of biological process in coal desulphurization prior to combustion The feasibility of microbial processes to overcome some of the challenges already

  • 13;30 Dry processing a viable option for Waterberg coal

    • Requires very efficient separation process • Coal has to be crushed to small topsize (~15 mm) to liberate semisoft coking coal • Coal is friable –fines generated during handling / crushing • Effective fine coal processing techniques required Upper Ecca

  • Fossil Fuel Foundation: 3 Waterberg Coal Conference

    Coal Handling and Process Plant Infrastructure Social and Labour Execution 3 South Africa: the Boikarabelo Coal Project Waterberg Coalfield: 40% of South Africa’s remaining coal resource ResGen’s Boikarabelo mine: •64 billion tonne resource •120m thick coal seam at shallow depth of approx 20m Current probable reserve =

  • 14 CHAPTER SEVEN BENEFICIATION TECHNIQUES AND

    71 Process characterisation for the beneficiation of coal to reduce sulphuric related species and the associated trace elements Witbank Coalfield No 4 Seam The predicted reduction of sulphur by sizing is given by Figures 123 and 124 respectively Figure 123: Sulphur Recovery curve for Witbank Coalfield No 4 Seam in various

  • Spoils Handling from Coal Mines in the Waterberg

    The Waterberg area has a relatively low annual rainfall, high evaporation and deep groundwater levels, thus the risk to produce acid from infiltrating water is limited The risk of exposure to oxygen leads to the spontaneous combustion of discard material The process of mining and beneficiation, stockpiling of coal, coal products and waste is an

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